What is Bernoulli’s principle?
Developed by the Swiss mathematician and psychist, Daniel Bernoulli, the aptly named “Bernoulli’s principle” first appeared in his book named, “Hydrodynamics”, published in the year 1738. Bernoulli’s writings within “Hydrodynamics” defined “Bernoulli’s principle” as the concept that an increase in a liquid’s speed creates a pressure decrease and a decrease in a liquid’s speed creates a pressure increase. Bernoulli’s principle can be found and utilized in both air and water. This simple yet complex method holds true to this day and can be found in several applications from the speed at which water flows in a river according to the width of the stream, adjusting pressure within airplane wings due to the curvature of the wing, and even found within the venturi of the inventive MACH REACTORTM!
How is Bernoulli’s principle used in the MACH REACTORTM?
The MACH cleverly utilizes Bernoulli’s discoveries from hundreds of years ago into new, inventive technology. Contained within the MACH REACTORTM is a series of venturis. The process begins when slurry flow enters the first of a set of venturis. The first venturi is referred to as the mixing nozzle. This first segment of the venturis prepares the flow for the next portion of venturis. The material then enters the next destination which is a high-speed venturi. It is within this high-speed venturi where the process of cavitation action and Bernoulli’s principle takes place. This segment of the process is the heart of the MACH REACTORTM where the true magic happens. It is within this venturi that the velocity of the pulp increases in the restriction of the venturi which causes an instantaneous pressure drop. The pressure drops to below water vapor pressure which begins the cavitation process that leads to the formation of vacuum cavities in the venturi. The cavities then implode which creates pico-bubbles. Gas is then injected into the venturis that will disperse into the pico-bubbles and then mixes into the pulp as it exits the MACH REACTORTM.
In what other applications is Bernoulli’s principle used?
Bernoulli’s principle is found across an array of different applications, both natural and manufactured. Some examples of Bernoulli’s principle in nature are when a leaf falls from a tree and slowly floats down or when water flows down a river and speeds up when moving through a narrow portion. On the other hand, some examples of Bernoulli’s principle in man-made mechanisms are the different options of a showerhead that provides the option to increase the pressure of the stream by choosing a narrower setting or on a sailboat where the speed of the air increases on the sail and decreases pressure on the sail which causes lift and propels the sailboat to move. Bernoulli’s principle can be found everywhere, you just need to know where to look.